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Early life[ edit ] He was born in Milan , Italy. After early education by the Somascan Religious Order and then at Alessandro Volta College in Lecco , in he went to the school of architecture at the Polytechnic University of Milan. His thesis advisor was Piero Portaluppi and he graduated in Rossi left in , when the chief editorship went to Gian Antonio Bernasconi. He married the Swiss actress Sonia Gessner, who introduced him to the world of film and theater.
Culture and his family became central to his life. His son Fausto was active in movie-making both in front of and behind the camera and his daughter Vera was involved with theatre. Career[ edit ] He began his professional career at the studio of Ignazio Gardella in , moving on to the studio of Marco Zanuso.
In also he began teaching, firstly as an assistant to Ludovico Quaroni at the school of urban planning in Arezzo , then to Carlo Aymonino at the Institute of Architecture in Venice. In he was appointed lecturer at the Polytechnic University of Milan and the following year he published The architecture of the city which soon became a classic of architectural literature.
His professional career, initially dedicated to architectural theory and small building work took a huge leap forward when Aymonino allowed Rossi to design part of the Monte Amiata complex in the Gallaratese quarter of Milan. In he won the design competition for the extension of the San Cataldo Cemetery in Modena , which made him internationally famous.
After suspension from teaching in Italy in those politically troubled times, he moved to ETH Zurich , occupying the chair in architectural design from to In , Rossi returned to the teaching profession in Italy, teaching architectural composition in Venice. In he was made a member of the prestigious Academy of Saint Luke. Meanwhile, there was international interest in his skills.
In he published his autobiography, A scientific autobiography. In this work the author, "in discrete disorder", brings back memories, objects, places, forms, literature notes, quotes, and insights and tries to " In together with Ignazio Gardella and Fabio Reinhart , he won the competition for the renovation of the Teatro Carlo Felice in Genoa , which was not fully completed until In and Rossi was director of the 3rd respectively 4th International Architecture Exhibition at the Venice Biennale including further away display spaces such as Villa Farsetti in Santa Maria di Sala.
In he won two international competitions: one for a site at the Parc de la Villette in Paris, the other for the Deutsches Historisches Museum in Berlin, which was never brought to fruition.
In he continued product design work for Unifor now part of Molteni Furniture and Alessi. His espresso maker La Cupola, designed for Alessi came out in In he was awarded the Pritzker Prize. In he became an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters and the following year he received their special cultural award in architecture and design. He died in Milan on 4 September , following a car accident. Posthumously he received the Torre Guinigi prize for his contribution to urban studies and the Seaside Prize of the Seaside Institute , Florida, where he had built a detached family home in On appeal his proposals won the competition for the restoration of the Teatro La Fenice , Venice and it reopened in In the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Bologna , based in Cesena , was named after him.
Work[ edit ] Aldo Rossi La Cupola Espresso Maker , produced by Alessi His earliest works of the s were mostly theoretical and displayed a simultaneous influence of s Italian modernism see Giuseppe Terragni , classicist influences of Viennese architect Adolf Loos , and the reflections of the painter Giorgio de Chirico.
A trip to the Soviet Union to study Stalinist architecture also left a marked impression. In his writings Rossi criticized the lack of understanding of the city in current architectural practice.
He argued that a city must be studied and valued as something constructed over time; of particular interest are urban artifacts that withstand the passage of time. Rossi held that the city remembers its past our "collective memory" , and that we use that memory through monuments; that is, monuments give structure to the city.
Rossi referred to it as a "city of the dead". The distinctive independence of his buildings is reflected in the micro-architectures of the products designed by Rossi.
Exhibits[ edit ] For the Venice Biennale in Rossi designed a floating Teatro del Mondo  that seated people. For the Venice Biennale in , he designed a triumphal arch at the entrance to the exhibition site. In two pylons based on an original design by Aldo Rossi were erected in front of the Bonnefanten Museum in Maastricht by the Delft architectural firm Ufo Architecten.
Awards[ edit ] Aldo Rossi won the prestigious Pritzker Prize for architecture in Ada Louise Huxtable , architectural critic and Pritzker juror, has described Rossi as "a poet who happens to be an architect.
Bonicalzi, Milan: ULC, Autobiografia scientifica A scientific autobiography , Parma: Practices, Teatro Carlo Felice, Genoa
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Early life[ edit ] He was born in Milan , Italy. After early education by the Somascan Religious Order and then at Alessandro Volta College in Lecco , in he went to the school of architecture at the Polytechnic University of Milan. His thesis advisor was Piero Portaluppi and he graduated in Rossi left in , when the chief editorship went to Gian Antonio Bernasconi. He married the Swiss actress Sonia Gessner, who introduced him to the world of film and theater. Culture and his family became central to his life. His son Fausto was active in movie-making both in front of and behind the camera and his daughter Vera was involved with theatre.
See Article History Aldo Rossi, born May 3, , Milan , Italy—died September 4, , Milan , Italian architect and theoretician who advocated the use of a limited range of building types and concern for the context in which a building is constructed. This postmodern approach, known as neorationalism, represents a reinvigoration of austere classicism. In addition to his built work, he is known for his writings, numerous drawings and paintings, and designs for furniture and other objects. Rossi received a degree in architecture from the Milan Polytechnic in In the text he argued that, over the course of history, architecture has developed certain continuous forms and ideas, to the point that these are standard types in the collective memory that move beyond the scope of style and trends.
AD Classics: Gallaratese Quarter / Aldo Rossi & Carlo Aymonino
Gallaratese housing in Milan by Aldo Rossi