Some scholars say the armies fought near Rakkasagi and Tangadigi villages. Hence the battle is also referred as the Battle of Rakkasa-Tangadi. Some other scholars believe that battle was fought at Krishna-Bannihatti. Hence it is also known as the battle of Bannihatti. Rama Raya appointed himself regent and controlled Sadashiva Raya. Rama Raya acted as actual ruler confining Sadashiva Raya.
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The battle was fought in a range of 40 kms. Some scholars believe that the decisive battle was fought at Krishna-Bannihatti. Hence it is called the battle of Bannihatti. Aliya Ramaraya was the leader of the Vijayanagara troops. On the opposite side was the coalition army of Shahi Sultans. Causes for the Battle of Talikota Supremacy over the Doab region The fertile Doab region between the rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra became a bone of contention between the two powers and hence responsible for this battle.
Religious differences The religious and cultural differences between the Vijayanagara and Shahi Sultans became one of the causes for the battle. The policy of Aliya Ramaraya Ramaraya of the Aravidu family married the daughter of Krishnadevaraya and became famous as Aliya Ramaraya. He interfered in the internal disputes of the Shahis.
He followed the policy of divide and rule with the Shahis of Bijapura and Ahmadnagar. The Shahis forgot their enmity and united through various alliances and matrimonial relations. All these events led to the formation of the Grand Shahi confederacy, consisting of Bijapura, Ahmadnagar, Golkonda and Bidar. Ramaraya refused and asked the Sultan to take it in the battle field. This was the immediate cause for the battle.
Aliya Ramaraya, who was about 90 years old fought bravely in the battle. In the beginning Vijayanagara forces gained upper hand. But Ramaraya who was captured by the Shahi soldiers was beheaded and his head was paraded in the battle field. This created panic among the Vijaynagara soldiers. They ran away from the battle field. The Shahi Sultans won the battle. Thus the decisive battle in the history of South India came to an end within a day. Results The Vijayanagara empire lost its glory.
The successful Shahi army looted the city of Vijayanagara for many months. The Portuguese were restricted to Goa region without the support of Vijayanagara. It was a setback to their trade. Religious endowments to centres like Sringeri, Tirupati, Shrishaila and Kalahasti stopped.
This was an obstacle to the development of the religion. Aravidu dynasty, which started its rule from Penugonda and Chandragiri in Andhra Pradesh, was unable to gain control over the region of South India. The feudatories of Vijayanagara empire like Palegars became independent. This led to the disintegration of Vijayanagara empire.
Battle of Talikota of 1565
Inter-family marriages between Sultans solved many of their internal conflicts and they finally united against the Vijayanagara empire, which was seen as the common enemy. The battle Edit By 29 December the first battles broke out. The Hindu army inflicted a huge defeat on the Muslims and the Sultans fled in disarray losing thousands of men in the encounter. The Sultans were shaken by this encounter and asked Adil Shah to forget previous arguments and stand by them for the intended Hindu counter-attack. The Sultans met secretly and decided that the only way to succeed was to resort to stratagem. Nizam Shah and Qutb Shah decided to parley with the mighty Raya who was now planning a massive counter-thrust into the Muslim flanks.
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Battle of Talikota 1565 CE : Causes and its Results
Battle of Talikota