Fun if usually more glancing than pointed. Some lively lines that may find their ways into my book on shipwreck: "To invent the sailing ship or steamer is to invent the shipwreck" 10 "There is no science of the accident" per Aristotle, 10 "A society that unthinkingly privileges the present, real time, to the detriment of past and future, also privileges accidents" 23 "Geopolitical ecology would also mean this: facing up to the unpredictable, to this Medusa of technical progress that literally exterminates the whole world" 41 " Such is the crazy catch-cry of hyper-modern times, of this hypercentre of temporal compression This is not just a book about accidents and their retroactively foundational role in progress military, technical, broadly scientific , but implicitly a book about what he calls "the integral accident" or "the Great Accident. Progress and the acceleration of reality itself. Terrorism, hyperviolence, hate, and fear.

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His major works include War and Cinema , Speed and Politics and The Information Bomb in which he argues, among many other things, that military projects and technologies drive history. He has repeatedly affirmed his links with phenomenology , for example, and offers humanist critiques of modernist art movements such as Futurism. Virilio was also an urbanist. After having been a longtime resident of the city of Paris, he moved to La Rochelle. The integral accident[ edit ] Virilio believed that technology cannot exist without the potential for accidents.

For example, Virilio argued that the invention of the locomotive also contained the invention of derailment. He believed the growth of technology, namely television , separates us directly from the events of real space and real time. In it he suggested we lose wisdom and sight of our immediate horizon and resort to the indirect horizon of our dissimulated environment. From this angle, the Accident can be mentally pictured as a sort of "fractal meteorite" whose impact is prepared in the propitious darkness, a landscape of events concealing future collisions.

Aristotle claimed that "there is no science of the accident", but Virilio disagreed, pointing to the growing credibility of simulators designed to escape the accident— which he argued is an industry that is born from the unholy marriage of post-WW2 science and the military-industrial complex. Dromology is important when considering the structuring of society in relation to warfare and modern media.

He noted that the speed at which something happens may change its essential nature, and that which moves with speed quickly comes to dominate that which is slower. Possession of territory is not primarily about laws and contracts, but first and foremost a matter of movement and circulation.

Virilio talked a lot about the creation of CNN and the concept of the newshound. The newshound will capture images which will then be sent to CNN, which may then be broadcast to the public. This movement of images can start a conflict Virilio uses the example of the events following the broadcasting of the Rodney King footage.

War of movement[ edit ] For Virilio, the transition from feudalism to capitalism was driven not primarily by the politics of wealth and production techniques but by the mechanics of war.

Virilio argued that the traditional feudal fortified city disappeared because of the increasing sophistication of weapons and possibilities for warfare. For Virilio, the concept of siege warfare became rather a war of movement. The Administration of Fear[ edit ] Virilio uses the image of a gazelle running to escape a predator to emphasize the physical aspect of fear.

In an interview conducted by Bertrand Richard, Virilio articulated his concept of an administration of fear which governs contemporary life, together with a summary of his other philosophical views.

The interview was later printed as a short book [10] and translated into English Hypotheticals like these are governed by computers, which act at speeds that are not tractable for humans. Virilio also contends that perpetual, instantaneous communication via computers and the internet are disruptive to biological rhythms and historical seasonal patterns of life in human culture, producing both fear and misery.

They contain a plethora of references to physics, particularly the theory of relativity. Furthermore, his analogies between physics and social questions are the most arbitrary imaginable, when he does not simply become intoxicated with his own words.

And as far as we can see, it means precisely nothing. Insights, personal memories, detailed histories, major theoretical leaps and banalities sit side by side. The content is often not particularly logical if viewed from a conventional academic perspective in the human or social sciences.

Everything has proceeded from there. It becomes the world. Globalization is the speed of light. What is being effectively globalized by instantaneity is time. London: Verso, Popular Defense and Ecological Struggles. New York: Semiotext e , The Aesthetics of Disappearance. Lost Dimension.


El Accidente Original



Paul Virilio


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