MAGNUS LIBER ORGANI LEONIN PDF

History[ edit ] Although little is known of the provenance of the Magnus liber organi, it is considered most likely to have originated in Paris, and is known today by only a few surviving manuscripts and fragments, although there are records of at least seventeen lost versions. Today its contents can be inferred from the 3 surviving major manuscripts. The most complete is commonly known as F I-Fl Pluteo A handful of surviving manuscripts demonstrate the evolution of polyphonic elaboration of the liturgical plainchant that was used at the cathedral every day throughout the year.

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History[ edit ] Although little is known of the provenance of the Magnus liber organi, it is considered most likely to have originated in Paris, and is known today by only a few surviving manuscripts and fragments, although there are records of at least seventeen lost versions. Today its contents can be inferred from the 3 surviving major manuscripts. The most complete is commonly known as F I-Fl Pluteo A handful of surviving manuscripts demonstrate the evolution of polyphonic elaboration of the liturgical plainchant that was used at the cathedral every day throughout the year.

While the concept of combining voices in harmony to enrich plainsong chant, was not new, there lacked the musical theory to enable the rational construction of such pieces. One voice sang the notes of the Gregorian chant elongated to enormous length called the tenor, which comes from the Latin for "to hold" ; this voice, known as the vox principalis, held the chant, although the words were obscured by the length of notes.

One, two, or three voices, known as the vox organalis or vinnola vox, the "vining voice" were notated above it with quicker lines moving and weaving together.

The evolution from a single line of music to one where multiple lines all had the same weight moved through the writing of organa. The practice of keeping a slow moving "tenor" line continued into secular music, and the words of the original chant survived in some cases, as well. One of the most common types of organa in the Magnus Liber is the clausula , which are sections of polyphony that can be substituted into longer organa. The extant manuscripts provide a number of notational challenges to modern practice, since they contain only the polyphonic elements, from which the chant has to be inferred.

The text contains only the polyphonic lines and the notation is not exact, as barlines were still several centuries from invention. The chant was added to the notated music, and it was up to the performers to fit the disparate lines together into a coherent whole. But the fact that the music was even written down is a fairly new development in the history of Western music.

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