The first and primary goal is to present the Psalms in a singable format for the entire congregation in the traditional ways that Anglicans have sung the Psalms for generations; these include Gregorian Chant, Full Anglican Chant and more recently, Simplified Anglican Chant. The word Psalm means sacred Song and the Psalms are meant to be sung. Psalms of praise are also known as hymns, and were written in order to celebrate God. Psalms of wisdom have a moral or teach a lesson. The royal psalms are about kingship and how kings can help their people be closer to God. Psalms of thanksgiving are written to thank God for something he has done.
|Published (Last):||3 May 2013|
|PDF File Size:||7.15 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.84 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Method[ edit ] An Anglican chant with the chords in different colours The text is pointed for chanting by assigning each verse or phrase to a simple harmonised melody of 7, 14, 21 or 28 bars known respectively as a single, double, triple or quadruple chant.
An example of a single chant is shown above. Below are the first four verses of the Magnificat , with the text coloured to show which words correspond to which notes in the music "the chant".
Various psalters have been published over the years, with each one showing how the chant is to be fitted to the words and each having its own variation on the precise rules for doing so.
The double bar line in the music corresponds to the colon in the text. Where there is one note a semibreve to a bar, all the words for the corresponding part of the text are sung to that one note. Where there are two notes two minims to a bar, unless indicated otherwise all the words except the last syllable are sung to the first minim.
The final syllable is sung to the second minim. There are various additional rules which apply occasionally: Some chants have more complicated rhythms than the example above, generally in the form of a dotted minim and a crotchet in any bar except the last of a quarter or of two crotchets taking the place of a minim.
When a minim in an internal bar i. If there is only one syllable, both notes are sung to it in quick succession. If there are two or occasionally more syllables, they are split as appropriate to smoothly match the rhythm of the words to the two notes. When an internal bar has a dotted rhythm, it is to be sung as above, excepting that the crotchet can be omitted from the music if the natural rhythm of the words and the sentiment of the words indicate that it is appropriate to do so.
When the first bar of a quarter has a dotted minim and a crotchet, all syllables except the last are sung to the note of the dotted minim, with the crotchet being tucked in on the last syllable before the barline. If there is only one syllable, both notes are sung to it in quick succession with the subtle emphasis being on the first note.
Particularly in long psalms, changes of chant may be used to signal thematic shifts in the words. Psalm , which is the longest in the psalter, is generally sung with a change of chant after every 8 of its verses, corresponding to the 22 stanzas of the original Hebrew text.
However, it is never sung all at once, but spread over successive days. Double, triple and quadruple chants[ edit ] The example above is a single chant. This is mostly only used for very short psalms half a dozen verses or so. The most commonly used chants are double chants. These are twice the length of a single chant. The music of the chant is repeated for every pair of verses. This reflects the structure of the Hebrew poetry of many of the psalms: Each verse is in two halves — the second half answers the first; the verses are in pairs — the second verse answers the first.
Triple and quadruple chants are considerably rarer. They appeared from the latter part of the 19th century to cover some of the exceptions to this format. They set the verses of the psalm in groups of three or four verses respectively. Psalm 2 for example is suited to a triple chant; a quadruple chant might be used for Psalm A double chant is divided into "quarters", each of which has the music for half a verse. Triple and quadruple chants may also be described as containing six or eight quarters.
If the entire text or a section of it has an odd number of verses, the second half of the chant is usually repeated at an appropriate point, which may be marked "2nd part". Similarly, "3rd part" markings may be used for triple chants.
The doxology Gloria Patri , usually sung at the end of a psalm or canticle , is two verses long. Depending on the type of chant, it is sung in one of the following ways: to a single chant sung twice, to a double chant, to an appropriate 14 bars usually specified by the composer of a triple chant or quadruple chant. Accompaniment[ edit ] Psalms may be sung unaccompanied or accompanied by an organ or other instrument.
Organists use a variety of registrations to mirror the changing mood of the words from verse to verse; but the organ should never be so loud that the words cannot be clearly heard. Organists may sometimes indulge in word painting , using effects such as a deep pedal note on the word "thunder", a harsh reed tone for "darkness" contrasting with a mixture for "light", or more frivolously!
There is even evidence to suggest that particular Psalm Tones have long been associated with particular Psalms since their use in first-century Jewish liturgy. In theory, then, the same Psalm tone the Western Church typically uses to chant Psalm Tonus Peregrinus , for example, might very well be strikingly similar to the melody Jesus would have used to sing Psalm in the synagogues of His day. In this first installment on the practice of plainsong Psalm chanting in unison on a single melodic line , we will get familiar with the anatomy of plainsong Psalm Tones and the practical realities of how to read and understand any given Psalm Tone. It is a comprehensive guide to the historical practice of chanting the Psalms using Sarum Tones the tones originating from the usage of Salisbury, England in the 11th century. Some of these Psalm tone have numerous variants, and some only a few.
Psalms in Worship
Band, p. If you do have suggestions for chant books that should be included, please let me know and please also let me know where to get those books. Similarly, if you find an error, it will be greatly appreciated if you point it out to me, so I can correct it. Apart from the list of chant books, the site currently consists of the following parts: the melodic index look here for an explanation of the indexing method , the index by key including a list of all changeable chants , an index by composer , an index by names by which certain chants are known , and an index of all Psalms and Canticles. In this index all chants that have been specifically associated with a psalm or canticle are listed.