ANTENATAL ADVICES PDF

However, global, regional and comparable country reported data are only available for the previous recommendation which was a minimum of four visits. Currently available data indicate that women receive at least 4 antenatal care visits. Globally, while 86 per cent of pregnant women access antenatal care with a skilled health personnel at least once, only two in three 65 per cent receive at least four antenatal visits. In regions with the highest rates of maternal mortality, such as sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, even fewer women received at least four antenatal visits 52 per cent and 49 per cent, respectively.

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Live virus vaccines: Rubella, Measles, Mumps, Vericella, Yellow fever contraindicated Rabies, hepatitis A vaccines given at non pregnant state. If already taken within last 3 yrs, booster at 36 wks. Folic acid- 5 mg during 1st trimester Femg Fe and ca started at 13 wks continued for 3 months after pregnancy.

Exercise should be simple. Walking is ideal, but long period of walking should be avoided. The pregnant woman should avoid lifting heavy weights such as: mattresses, furniture, as it may lead to abortion. She should avoid long period of standing because it predisposes her to varicose vein. She should avoid setting with legs crossed because it will impede circulation To develop a good posture.

To develop good breathing habits, ensure good oxygen supply to the fetus. To prevent circulatory stasis in lower extremities, promote circulation, lessen the possibility of venous thrombosis Guide lines for exercises during pregnancy Maintain adequate fluid intake. Warm up slowly, use stretching exercises but avoid over stretching to prevent injury to ligaments. Avoid jerking or bouncing exercises. Exercises on regular basis three times per week. After first trimester, avoid exercises that require supine position.

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New guidelines on antenatal care for a positive pregnancy experience

Live virus vaccines: Rubella, Measles, Mumps, Vericella, Yellow fever contraindicated Rabies, hepatitis A vaccines given at non pregnant state. If already taken within last 3 yrs, booster at 36 wks. Folic acid- 5 mg during 1st trimester Femg Fe and ca started at 13 wks continued for 3 months after pregnancy. Exercise should be simple. Walking is ideal, but long period of walking should be avoided. The pregnant woman should avoid lifting heavy weights such as: mattresses, furniture, as it may lead to abortion.

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Antenatal Care

By focusing on a positive pregnancy experience, these new guidelines seek to ensure not only a healthy pregnancy for mother and baby, but also an effective transition to positive labour and childbirth and ultimately to a positive experience of motherhood. In , an estimated women died from pregnancy-related causes , 2. An important feature of these guidelines is their comprehensiveness. Not only do they provide recommendations on standard maternal and foetal assessments, but also on nutrition during pregnancy, on prevention and treatment of physiological problems commonly experienced during pregnancy e. The guidelines also include recommendations on counselling and supporting women who may be experiencing intimate partner violence. Guidance on how antenatal care services can be provided more effectively and in different contexts is also included.

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