CLAUSEWITZ ON WAR JOLLES PDF

He received his doctorate in the philosophy of literature from Heidelberg in He then served one year as a volunteer in the horse artillery. Although he was not Jewish, his anti- Nazi politics got him into trouble. In he emigrated to France , where he studied at the Sorbonne.

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He received his doctorate in the philosophy of literature from Heidelberg in He then served one year as a volunteer in the horse artillery. Although he was not Jewish, his anti- Nazi politics got him into trouble. In he emigrated to France , where he studied at the Sorbonne.

The following year he emigrated to Wales , where he taught German. Offered a teaching position at the University of Chicago , he entered the United States with his new British wife in He became a professor of German language and literature, obtaining American citizenship in Leaving Chicago in , he spent the remainder of his life at Cornell. University of Chicago[ edit ] Even before the United States entered the war, the University of Chicago had begun casting about for ways to assist the war effort.

A formal Institute of Military Studies was created in April Since Jolles taught military German and German military organization, and On War was considered to be a key to German military behavior, he seemed to be the natural man for the job even though he was not familiar with Clausewitz when he set out. His British father-in-law a retired professor of classics provided assistance with the English, although he too had little military background and was new to Clausewitz.

This is but one part of his theory and far from the most important one, for he goes on to show why Napoleon, greatest of all aggressors up to that time, was necessarily in the end completely defeated. This development was most likely a result of financial considerations rather than of the qualities of the respective versions, since the Jolles translation remains under copyright Random House whereas the Graham copyright had lapsed.

Matthijs Jolles, translator.

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O. J. Matthijs Jolles

British military theorist B. Impressed yet befogged, they grasped at his vivid leading phrases, seeing only their surface meaning, and missing the deeper current of his thought. It is the antithesis in a dialectical argument whose thesis is the point — made earlier in the analysis — that "war is nothing but a duel [or wrestling match, a better translation of the German Zweikampf] on a larger scale. This synthesis lies in his "fascinating trinity" [wunderliche Dreifaltigkeit]: a dynamic, inherently unstable interaction of the forces of violent emotion, chance, and rational calculation. In fact, he never used the term "total war": rather, he discussed "absolute war," a concept which evolved into the much more abstract notion of "ideal war" discussed at the very beginning of Vom Kriege—the purely logical result of the forces underlying a "pure," Platonic "ideal" of war. But in the real world, he said, such rigid logic is unrealistic and dangerous. As a practical matter, the military objectives in real war that support political objectives generally fall into two broad types: "war to achieve limited aims"; and war to "disarm" the enemy, "to render [him] politically helpless or militarily impotent.

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Carl von Clausewitz

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