What Is a Compound Odontoma? It might sound scary, but this growth is treatable. Learn more about what these growths are, the different types that can develop and what treatment your dentist may recommend. What Are Odontomas? Firstly, odontomas are noncancerous oral tumors, as an article in the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology explains.
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What Is a Compound Odontoma? It might sound scary, but this growth is treatable. Learn more about what these growths are, the different types that can develop and what treatment your dentist may recommend. What Are Odontomas? Firstly, odontomas are noncancerous oral tumors, as an article in the Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology explains. They are rare, and they do not spread or cause further harm.
These abnormal growths replicate surrounding tissues in the mouth that comprise teeth, such as enamel, dentin, cementum and pulp tissues. As the WIMJ article notes, odontomas are the most common type of odontogenic tumor. Odontomas are also slightly more common in females, and they typically appear in the upper jaw. The cause of odontomas is unclear, but they have been associated with trauma, infection and inflammatory processes affecting the jaws during childhood.
Complex vs. Compound Odontomas There are two types of odontomas: complex and compound. A compound odontoma has a tooth-like structure and is arranged in a uniform manner, similar to a normal tooth, while a complex odontoma has a mixed structure of disorganized tissue mass, according to the WIMJ article. Compound odontomas are twice as common as complex odontomas, and they often appear as a collection of small teeth on a dental X-ray.
While these lesions are benign, they may be treated conservatively with minor surgery if needed, as the WIMJ article notes. Tumors that are surgically removed usually will not reoccur. If a patient experiences no symptoms and the tumor is not stopping the teeth from erupting into the correct position, simply monitoring the odontoma may be an option, explains a study in the National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine.
Your dentist, in combination with a specialist or an oral maxillofacial surgeon , will guide you on your treatment options and ensure you are in safe hands. Seeing your dentist regularly will ensure not only that your teeth and gums are checked for health, but that your head and neck are, too! This is why these checkups, as well as regular dental X-rays, are paramount to good oral and overall health.
This article is intended to promote understanding of and knowledge about general oral health topics. It is not intended to be a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.
Always seek the advice of your dentist or other qualified healthcare provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition or treatment.
Types[ edit ] There are two main types: compound and complex. It may present a lobulated appearance where there is no definitive demarcation of separate tissues between the individual "toothlets" or denticles. Compound odontomas are usually found in the anterior maxilla and are less than 20mm in diameter. It generally appears in the posterior mandible and can grow to be several centimetres in size. Dens invaginatus is a developmental anomaly resulting from invagination of a portion of crown forming within the enamel organ during odontogenesis. The most extreme form of dens invaginatus is known as a dilated odontoma.
What Is a Compound Odontoma?
E-mail: moc. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Odontomas have been extensively reported in the dental literature, and the term refers to tumors of odontogenic origin. Though the exact etiology is still unknown, the postulated causes include: local trauma, infection, inheritance and genetic mutation.
Compound Odontoma: Differential Diagnosis and Review of the Literature