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Even Numbered - 28 Essay Questions - 7 1. The four fields of anthropology are cultural, biological, archaeology and ethnography. Multiple Choice Question 2. What are the traditional areas of focus within cultural anthropology? Multiple Choice Question 3. The overall goals of anthropological research include this aspect of human biology: mapping the genome of Homo sapiens.

Multiple Choice Question 4. A primary goal of research in cultural anthropology includes describing human races. Multiple Choice Question 5. Multiple Choice Question 6. An object that is made by humans is called an ecofact. Multiple Choice Question 7. What is meant by the "holistic" approach in anthropology? Multiple Choice Question 8. Holism in anthropology means that humans are included in the study of ecological systems. Multiple Choice Question 9. Holism, as used in anthropology, may be characterized as an archaeological excavation pit.

Page 2 of 7 Multiple Choice Question On what do humanistic anthropologists focus their studies? The application of the scientific method to the study of humans. The use of the comparative method when studying cultures. The common behavioral patterns of a society.

Multiple Choice Question The approach that compares and analyzes cultural data with a goal of making general statements about human cultural adaptations is called ethnography. Ethnological studies include a description of a society based on fieldwork. Biological anthropology includes the following areas of study: human fossils, artifacts, and ecofacts.

An attitude of ethnocentrism toward another group encourages friendship and understanding. A positive adaptive value of ethnocentrism is it may create greater understanding of others. Making value judgments based on your own culture when describing another culture is called cultural relativism. An anthropologist who views and evaluates aspects of a culture from within the context of that culture is said to be using which of the following perspective?

Cultural ethnocentrism. Ethnographic analysis. Cultural differences. Society of Medical Anthropology. Culture and Agriculture. Research in anthropological archaeology includes: classical archaeology and cultural resource management CRM. I am an anthropologist who has just completed the excavation of a small North American gold mining camp occupied in the Nineteenth Century. What type of archaeologist am I?

I am an anthropologist who has just completed a paper on the syntax of the Hopi language. I am known as a historical linguist. Linguistics is a subfield of anthropology that focuses on the mechanics of language.

Many people, including some anthropologists, argue that we should not hold positions of cultural relativism because some cultures are more advanced than others.

I have just written a paper on the knee joint of the early human fossil known as "Lucy. Archaeological features include the following types of evidence: soils and plants. Forensic anthropologists apply their knowledge to legal issues by studying what materials? Hair samples recovered from crime victim clothing. Blood splatter patterns at a crime scene. Bullets and bullet casings at a crime scene.

The idea that any aspect of a culture must be viewed and evaluated within the context of that culture is called cultural ethnocentrism. One of the key features of the scientific method is using statistical methods. Anthropologists seek to explain human cultural behavior through the use of cultural relativism.

Anthropologist Lawrence Kuznar favors using the scientific method in anthropology because things can be proved through scientific investigation. Briefly describe two goals for anthropological research. Explanation: Answers will vary. Short Answer Question Contrast ethnography and ethnology. List three types of archaeology and explain what each investigates. Explain why the following statement is ethnocentric or relativistic: "The Inuit children have the disgusting habit of eating raw fish eyes.

Explain why the following statement is ethnocentric or relativistic: "Village men were blowing a hallucinogenic drug up their noses when we arrived at the village. Green mucus ran freely from their noses. Briefly discuss one reason cultural relativism should not be applied universally. Describe how historical archaeology differs from history. List and describe three types of linguistic studies. Page 6 of 7 Short Answer Question State how anthropology is different from one of the following: sociology, psychology, biology, and history.

Discuss one difficulty that cultural anthropologists encounter when they strive to apply the scientific method. What are the four fields of anthropology, and what kinds of phenomena do anthropologists working in these areas study?

Essay Question Discuss how anthropology is unique when compared with other disciplines. Explain what is meant by a holistic approach to the study of humankind. Explain the terms ethnocentrism and cultural relativism. Cite a specific example of each. Explain the concept of ethnocentrism. How can it be harmful to the ethnocentric person and to others? Essay Question Page 7 of 7 Cultural relativism is an important concept in anthropology.

What are the potential problems that may occur if it is taken too literally? Is anthropology a science? Essay Question All pages:.



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0078034876 - Introducing Cultural Anthropology by Lenkeit, Roberta

Voshura From inside the book. No trivia or quizzes yet. She is the recipient of many awards of recognition for outstanding teaching by the campus chapter of Alpha Gamma Sigma. Her special interests include comparative kinship, religion, applied anthropology, hominid evolution, lithic tool technology, and Upper Paleolithic cave art. Lists with This Book. Learn more about Amazon Prime.

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