The region of Kerala was possibly engaged in trading activities from the 3rd millennium BCE with Sumerians and Babylonians. According to him, Muziris could be reached in 40 days from the Red Sea ports of Egypt purely depending on the South west monsoon winds. Later, the unknown author of the Periplus of the Erythraean Sea notes that "both Muziris and Nelcynda are now busy places". There were harbours of Naura near Kannur , Tyndis near Koyilandy , and Bacare near Alappuzha which were also trading with Rome and Palakkad pass churam facilitated migration and trade. Roman establishments in the port cities of the region, such as a temple of Augustus and barracks for garrisoned Roman soldiers, are marked in the Tabula Peutingeriana ; the only surviving map of the Roman cursus publicus.
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Plot[ edit ] Philip Manavaalan Mammootty is the owner of a financing company in Kerala and the movie begins with his wedding preparations. Raju was young, vibrant and a man of many talents. However, he soon fell prey to the world of drugs and started extracting money to buy drugs from his brother by hook or by crook.
Raju appeared to recover and was then sent to Madras Tamil Nadu for further studies. On one of his visits to Chennai, Philip realised that Raju had gone back to his old ways and was worse than ever before.
Cecily sympathises with her husband and soon gets over this sad incident. However one day, suddenly Raju returns home and surprises everyone. Mammootty has a hard time believing that this man is his brother. He performs many tests to prove whether the man is really his brother Raju. He is assisted by his friends in all these tests, but every test yields positive results.
Soon almost everyone is convinced that it was indeed Raju who had come back. However, Mammootty is still doubtful. Philip sees this and informs Cherian about it. Cherian talks to his daughter trying to convince her what a mistake it would be if it is not Raju. But Renu is adamant and expresses her belief that Raju had returned and also tells that she will marry none but Raju.
So, Janardhanan visits Mammootty along with their common friend Murali, who is a lawyer to propose Renu for Raju. At last, Cherian decides to perform a scientific test to prove the truth. He takes a picture of the skull and a picture of Raju and superimposes the two. Upon reaching his house, he calls Murali and Jagathy Sreekumar to inform them about this.
They go to his house and wait for Mammootty to come. He comes soon after in the hope that Cherian has got evidence to prove that Raju was dead and it was an impostor who had come.
But when he got there, he finds Cherian in a happy state. But still he is not convinced. When questioned why, he replies that Raju died lying in his hands. Cherian asks him to explain. Philip then reveals that Raju had not died in a car accident as he said to everyone. Philip stopped him and asked him where he was going.
Raju rudely said that he was leaving as he could no longer live with Philip. He took the money so that he could live the way he wanted to. Philip begged Raju not to go and ruin himself in bad company. Raju did not listen and tried to go, but Philip held him back. Raju pushed him away. In anger, Philip slapped Raju who lost his balance and fell from the first floor to the ground, breaking his neck and head in the fall.
Philip rushed down to his brother and lifted him. But Raju died soon.
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