The word Hindutva is widely used by all of them, but what does the term actually mean? He argued that a Hindu is one who considers India to be his motherland matrbhumi , the land of his ancestors pitrbhumi , and his holy land punya bhumi. India is the land of the Hindus since their ethnicity is Indian and since the Hindu faith originated in India. But of course the concept of Hindutva would have made no sense unless it was explained in relation to the religion of Hinduism. To him, the religion was therefore a subset of the political idea, rather than synonymous with it—something many of its proponents today would be surprised to hear. No more a single country than the Equator.
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Noorani sees this change in BJPs stance as a shift toward hard-core Hindu fundamentalism, by their open acceptance of Savarkars Hindutva; for until then, In Savarkar and Hindutva: The Godse Connection, lawyer and political commentator A. Noorani predicts that he will gain more prominence in the future — and one has to agree that he has been prophetic. There seems to be three main questions Noorani seems to be tackling with in the book: 1.
Was Savarkar a real nationalist revolutionary and a hero, and exceptionally brave like his sobriquet proclaims him to be? Let us look at each one separately. This was the cause of his transportation the Cellular Jail for life. The world now knows, of course, about the mercy petitions Savarkar wrote to the British authorities from the Andamans, begging them to free him and promising that he would not go against the Raj in any way if he was released.
These are public records available for anyone to refer to. And I as one humble soldier in Her rank would honestly try to make the reform successful, that is, work them out so as to render them a stepping stone to the realization of the great mission of our generation of making India free and great and glorious, leading or marching hand in hand with others to the appointed destiny of man. Savarkar, here, was speaking in favour of the Mantagu- Chelmsford reforms — hardly the words of a revolutionary.
He seems to have had the communal agenda in mind since day one. And his conduct in prison also leaves much to be desired. It seems that Savarkar instigated other prisoners to go on hunger strike, but himself stayed out of it.
Also, he curried favour with the authorities to become foreman — then bullied the Muslim prisoners under him. We can believe it, because Savarkar boasts about it himself! Savarkar, a declared atheist, had no truck with religion. He clearly states in his presidential speeches to the Hindu Mahasabha that it is a political and not a religious concept, and the organisation is a political body and not a religious one.
Hindutva is country and culture-specific: only those who consider India as their pitr-bhoomi fatherland and punya-bhoomi holy land can be considered true citizens. In his tract Hindutva, Savarkar specifically says Muslims and Christians are excluded because their holy lands are elsewhere.
Since I have reviewed this book elsewhere on these fora, I am not elaborating further — only endorsing whatever Noorani has written here as the Gospel Truth, because I have seen for myself.
Noorani illustrates with quotes, how M. Golwalkar had strikingly similar views with Savarkar and how close they are to the election manifesto of the BJP pp. Also, ample examples are provided how the Hindu Mahasabha offered to collaborate with the British against the Quit India movement in order to defeat the Congress pp.
The judge was quite justified, I feel, in acquitting him, as there was absolutely no secondary evidence. I will leave other readers to form their own opinions. The same story, narrated in a dispassionate tone, would have been much more effective.
He also referred to the rest of Northern India as Mughlan Country of Mughals and called the region infiltrated by Muslim foreigners. Harka Gurung speculates that the presence of Islamic Mughal rule and Christian British rule in India compelled the foundation of Brahmin Orthodoxy in Nepal for the purpose building a haven for Hindus in the Kingdom of Nepal. It was rooted in traditional Hindu Law and codified social practices for several centuries in Nepal. It was an attempt to include the entire Hindu as well as the non-Hindu population of Nepal of that time into a single hierarchic civic code from the perspective of the Khas rulers. These movements led to the fresh interpretations of the ancient scriptures of Upanishads and Vedanta and also emphasised on social reform. This led to the upsurge of patriotic ideas that formed the cultural and an ideological basis for the independence movement in India.
Diasporic donors enable repression of minorities in India
He believed that the Hindu natives with all their diversity, shared among other things "the same philosophy of life", "the same values" and "the same aspirations" which formed a strong cultural and a civilizational basis for a nation. He considered as Hindus those who consider India to be their motherland, fatherland and holy land, hence describing it purely in cultural terms. The term as a cultural concept will include and did always include all including Sikhs, Buddhists, and Jains. The cultural nationality of India, in the conviction of the RSS, is Hindu and it was inclusive of all who are born and who have adopted Bharat as their Motherland, including Muslims, Christians and Parsis. The answering association submits that it is not just a matter of RSS conviction, but a fact borne out by history that the Muslims, Christians and Parsis too are Hindus by culture although as religions they are not so. They believe that differential laws based on religion violate Article 44 of the Indian Constitution and have sowed the seeds of divisiveness between different religious communities.
Veer Savarkar: The man credited with creating Hindutva didn’t want it restricted to Hindus
Noorani sees this change in BJPs stance as a shift toward hard-core Hindu fundamentalism, by their open acceptance of Savarkars Hindutva; for until then, In Savarkar and Hindutva: The Godse Connection, lawyer and political commentator A. Noorani predicts that he will gain more prominence in the future — and one has to agree that he has been prophetic. There seems to be three main questions Noorani seems to be tackling with in the book: 1. Was Savarkar a real nationalist revolutionary and a hero, and exceptionally brave like his sobriquet proclaims him to be? Let us look at each one separately. This was the cause of his transportation the Cellular Jail for life.